RiNo: Design Guidelines, Zoning Overlays
With rising lease rates and a climbing cost of living, it’s no secret that Denver is feeling the pressure of rapid change and the growing pains that come along with it. Seemingly at the top of the Denver “hot list” is the RiNo Art District, a state-certified creative district in northeast Denver made up of four historic neighborhoods: Five Points, Cole, Globeville and Elyria-Swansea. These neighborhoods are fighting an uphill battle against market forces that are impacting Denver as a whole, and while many cities and “hot” ’hoods everywhere are working to figure out solutions, the RiNo Art District is hoping to pilot a few of their own ideas in 2018.
One of these ideas has been in the works for over two years and stemmed directly from community concern over how the rapid development could lead to disaster in the form of loss of the unique industrial character and the rapidly rising cost of living. Through a variety of conversations with planners, architects, the city of Denver, City Council representation and the community, thus was born the marriage of a joint Design Guidelines and Design/Affordability Overlays that would work in concert to address the vast concerns impacting the neighborhoods within the RiNo Art District.
Design guidelines are not a new concept – often neighborhoods use them to dictate things such the aesthetics of new development. This, too, was important in RiNo, but the district sought to take the guidelines a bit further and give them teeth in order to address both character and affordability concerns in a quickly developing area. Realizing that the design guidelines are ultimately a strong suggestion laid out by a design review committee, the Art District chose to couple these with a design/affordability overlay written directly into the zoning code.
So, let’s dive into the details and how will the two tools work together:
The Design/Affordability Overlay (the “shall” and written into the zoning code) provides several important tools to fight back against the challenges of living in a quickly changing urban environment:
• Provides density around public transit, making it easier and more affordable to move around the city;
• Ties density to affordability, and requires those affordable units to be built on site, not on the outer edges;
• Mandates context-sensitive design that prioritizes ground-floor transparency and activation, then ties this activated space to commercial affordability requirements. Those ground-floor uses would then be prioritized for artist spaces and other community services deemed unable to meet market-rate rents.
• Provides direction on how development engages with designated primary streets, as well as treating the Platt River as a primary street to be activated, and mandates how parking is treated.
More specifically, the proposed zoning overlays allow developers to build higher (up to 16 stories), if they provide value to the neighborhood via:
• Paying five times the city’s existing affordable housing fee for square footage above a certain height, or
• Building a certain number of affordable units in the neighborhood based on square footage above a certain height, or
• Including uses in commercial developments that serve the community, such as day care, grocery and artist spaces.
The designaffordability overlays were presented to City Council Feb. 12 and approved. This is the first time the Denver Zoning Code has included incentives for affordable housing..
The Design Guidelines (“the should” to be recommended by a RiNo Art District review committee) will be approved through the RiNo Business Improvement District this spring; the guidelines will address how developers can do the following:
• Build on RiNo’s distinctive character.
• Encourage entrepreneurship and innovation.
• Promote active pedestrian environments through building orientation to the street, frequency of building entries, transparency and active ground-floor uses.
• Encourage the integration of ecosystems into private development, such as green or low-impact development stormwater management and/or wildlife habitat.
• Supplement the requirements of the zoning ordinance so as to reflect the unique character of the RiNo Art District.
• Encourage site design, streetscape and building design that collaborates with local artists to create spaces or venues for their art.
• Encourage projects to provide affordable live/work or studio spaces for artists.
• Encourage developments to utilize the RiNo Art District resources for funding art or maker tenants for their projects.
Together, the RiNo Art District hopes that these tools will create a model to be replicated, built upon and refined by other communities grappling with similar growth and affordability issues. In the words of RiNo Art District President Jamie Licko, “It is the farthest-reaching rezoning of its kind in Denver, and certainly one of the most forward-thinking approaches in the U.S. We do not know the outcomes, but it’s a step toward using the tools at our disposal to force the market to respond to the challenges the community is facing.”
Alye Sharp, community engagement director of the RiNo Art District, wrote this article.